Let me guess … Is losing one of your New Year’s resolutions? If you have guessed right, read on. Otherwise, do it also because your health may be grateful even when you enjoy a body 10 and not even a gram. Experts are becoming more clear, although there are dissonant voices. They are the added sugars, and not the fat, as has long been believed, the true cause of fattening and that we do in times of excess, as the campaign we just closed, a real sugar frenzy.
In the last 150 years sugar has been getting into our system, little by little, almost forming part of it, to the point that it has come to be described as “the tobacco of our time.” White gold that sweetens our lives, but also an even more addictive substance than cocaine and morphine, as demonstrated last year by an experiment with rats in the Connecticut College laboratory. [When the rodents could choose between cocaine and sugar, most chose the latter, even in rats that had previously tried cocaine, demonstrating the great power of addiction of the candy]. A food that should be taken in moderation, and a lot, if you want to avoid that the extra kilos that have been installed in your body accompany you for a long time.
Its pleasant flavor invades the mouth giving a sensation of complete pleasure. From the outermost tip of our tongue to the dark darkness of the throat, sugar gets into our body, causing an immediate sensation of well-being, unleashing the serotonin, known as the hormone of happiness, and activating the parts of the brain associated with well-being It is true, sugar provides happiness, but may in the long run contribute to diminish the health of our body. A poisoned candy. A natural, basic food that provides energy immediately, but with the mass production of recent times has gone from being an occasional whim to invading our kitchens, to the point that we find it in the most unsuspected foods. So you know, if you want to lose weight, eliminate sugar from your diet. Now this is easier said than done because in the developed world the following (strange) circumstance occurs: the consumption of table sugar has plummeted, while the use of sugars in processed and industrial products has skyrocketed. That is, now we consume sugar without being really aware of it and there is the big problem, according to just denounce the global campaign Action on Sugar, that sugar has gotten into our metabolism to make us depend on it without us even knowing it.
Experts are calling on the industry to reduce the amount of added sugar in food by 30% in the next five years. They are convinced that it is the most effective and cheapest way to curb diabetes and obesity, two of the plagues in our world that, unlike other pandemics, do not have an action plan to stop them. Estimates also shared by the United Nations, which speaks of the “evident evidence that demonstrates the link between soft drinks and food with added sugars and obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.” However, there are experts who defend the natural aspect of sugar, a lifelong staple whose consumption in moderation is not only not harmful but is recommended. Dr. Carmen Gómez Candela, head of the Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics Unit of the La Paz Hospital in Madrid, warns of cheating in the processed products that flood the shelves of supermarkets and that are already part of our kitchens. A product “without sugar”, “without added sugar” or “with a reduced content of sugars” does not have to have fewer calories than a sugary product, since the law does not require this condition. In fact, there is a paradox that some products of these categories that we do not find in the supermarket have more calories than sugar, because they have to replace the function of “volume allocation” from the addition of fats. The doctor, who participates in the scientific committee of the Institute of Sugar Studies, has no doubts despite the misleading information that often confuses the consumer. «A healthy, balanced and varied diet should contain sugar in moderate amounts and this is what we recommend every day and most of the international nutritional recommendations do it», the problem is when people consume excessive sugar.
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